Encomiendas- these were royal grants of land that were accompanied with assigned Native American laborers.


Enfriadera- this means cooler, and it refers to a receiving corral where a large number of unclassified animals are driven after being rounded up on the range.


Empanadas- these are pasties or turnovers made from beef, onion, raisin, hard-boiled egg and black olives


Epihippion- this was a leather or woolen saddle pad that was tied down with a cinch.  Sometimes, a small cushion was placed in front, as a type of pommel where the reins could be rested. A breast strap was sometimes used to prevent slippage. Varieties of the epihippion can still be seen in the Middle Eastern countries to this day.


Espino- the scientific name is Acasia cavens. It is a thorny tree that is very common among all of Central Chile, especially in areas with an established dry season, as it is well adapted to arid conditions. Much like the cowboys of the southwestern U.S.A. had to contend with the mesquite tree, this durable hardwood was a good source of kindling, as well as a hazardous obstacle to ride between.


Estándar de la Raza- this means Breed Standard. These were written up formally in 1920 for the Chilean Horse breed.


Estradiota- this is a riding style with long stirrup leathers that had the legs in front of the horse’s center of gravity, the torso somewhat behind it and the brunt of the rider’s weight on the posterior portion of the horse’s back. The posture was incredibly stable and served the one-dimensional charges with heavy lances well, in bracing themselves when contact was made with the targeted objective.


Estribo de Baúl- initially, the first solid-wood stirrup was the “trunk (baúl) stirrup” that imitated the European closed stirrup. They had the same broad, flat base of the platform stirrups that sustained the entire foot and which were used by the Moors, Spanish and Portuguese. These 17th and 18th century stirrups were practical for the horsemen of the time that used low-heeled crafted soft leather boots or shoes, sandals, rustic colt hock boots with exposed toes, or no footwear at all.


Estribo de Caja- this is a variety of enclosed wooden stirrup styles that only have an opening for the placement of the rider’s boot. They can have be semi-cylindrical shapes or have a square platform with three triangular sides. 


Estribo Capacho- this enclosed box stirrup was given a round bulge or angle on the posterior face to facilitate the placement of the point of the shoe.


Estribo Trompa de Chancho- this is a stirrup with a shape that mirrors the arch and point of the boot, while ending in a small blunt point that is likened to a pig snout, thus its name. This “pig snout stirrup” is considered the contemporary stirrup of the huaso and has been the dominating style throughout most of the 20th century when rodeo tack and apparel were formalized. Like all the Chilean stirrups of the past 300 years, they continue to be artistically decorated with beautiful hand-carved baroque patterns that have no equal in the equine tack world.