Gatillo- refers to the tuft of mane left over the withers when the rest of the mane is roached. This not only gives an idea of the thickness and abundance of mane, but it is also an aid in mounting the horse.


Garrocha- this is a Spanish goad or pike. This 3 m (9.75 foot) long wooden lance with a pointed steel tip is still part of the Spanish vaquero’s equipment for handling the aggressive fighting cattle breeds. In Chile, the driver traditionally used it to urge on the cattle down the raceways.


Guanaco- their scientific name is Lama guanicöe. This is a wild camelid that is native to South America and is most frequently encountered in the highlands of the Andes. Females measure 1.92 m (6.3 ft) to the tip of the nose and males only 1.88 m (6.17 ft.). Their mature corporal weight varies between 120-150 kg (265-331 lbs.)  They have a uniform coloring of dun bodies with darker faces and tails and white flanks, bellies and chests.


 Guanay ducks- the scientific name is Phalacnoconax bugainvillii. Unlike most marine birds that defecate in flight, this species does so while roosting on the rocky islands that line the coasts of northern Chile and southern Peru. Their diet consists of cold-water anchovies and sardines, and thus they follow the Humbolt current closely. The massive flocks of millions of “guanay ducks” (a variety of cormorant) are responsible for 85 percent of the guano production on the coasts of the Tarapacá and Atacama regions.


Guano- a term for sea bird dung, in Quechua it was referred to as “huanu”.  Guano is the Spanish interpretation of that word, which has also been adopted into English.


Guatana- the first mouthpiece used by Chilean Horses, which is usually made from leather. The guatana can be smooth or braided, and other materials such as horse hair and hose stockings are also braided and tied around the tongue and lower jaw.


Guerra de Arauco- this refers to the Chilean confrontation between the Spanish and the Mapuches that lasted for 346 years from 1536 to 1882.  Arauco was a region of Chile that had many Mapuche settlements, so the Spaniards and much literature thereafter erroneously referred to the combatant Native American population south of the Bío Bío River as Araucanos.