Malocas and Campeadas- this was a Spanish tactic in the War of Arauco, whereby they indiscriminately destroyed all housing and crops and showed no compassion in slaughtering all Mapuches of any age or gender.


Manga- this is a live squeezing fence or exit chute made up of horses and riders standing side by side to direct the cattle in the desired direction.


Mangana- this is a backhand, forefoot catch with a lariat. Most often, this technique is used when trying to bring down an untamed horse in a corral.


Manta- when used alone, this word implies a competitive rodeo version of the chamanto. This mantle is a short poncho that is not reversible and it can easily be distinguished from the chamanto because it has no intricate patterns or designs. It is basically made up of four broad bands divided by three sets of stripes. The manta is made up of two or three colors and another heavier band with the same colors is incorporated all around the perimeter to give the manta the needed weight so it will hang in place. These rodeo mantas can be made out of woven silk, cotton or wool threads.


Manta de Castilla- a long poncho with a quality weave that is usually made from camelid hair. Also known as the “manta larga” (long mantle) to distinguish from the “manta corta” (short mantle) that is the competitive version of the chamanto.


Mapuches-this is a proud Native American tribe from Central Chile that confronted the Chilean governments for 346 years. They extended from the Maule River south to the Sound of Chiloé. They were never defeated by force and eventually succumbed to the European diseases and vices along with their inability to grow sufficient food sources to withstand years of natural adversity while fighting a war. They used to be excellent warriors that distinguished themselves as superb horsemen. They are the first tribe of the Americas to utilize the horse in battle against the Europeans.


Marcha- a timed endurance competition started in Argentina whereby the participants have to cover 750 km during 15 days on an all-forage diet with no supplementation.


Marinos- these are large Chilean ceremonial spurs that are also known as moriscos.


Marismas- these refer to the flat estuaries that form a swampy environment of rich aquatic flora during the rainy season, where horses graze in the brackish waters. In the summer months, they often dry up and become overgrazed. The word brings to mind the mouths or fluvial plains of the Guadalquivir River in Andalucia, Spain and the Rhone River in the Camargue region of France.


Matanza- this is the open-field slaughter of cattle that were a source of tallow and hide.


Mate- its scientific name is Ilex paraguariensis. A caffeinic grass related to holly that is soaked in hot water inside a gourd. The water is sipped out through a metal strainer straw that is called a “bombilla”. This Native American beverage is the most common drink in southern sectors of South America.


Mauritania- historically, Mauritania refers to the Barbary Coast or, in other words, the lands where presently Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco are found. In 1898, a large tract of land that is south of the Republic of Sahara and east of Senegal was declared as the African sector of “Mauritania”.  Later, the Republic of Mauritania was officially formed in 1950, lending confusion to the historical references to the Barbary Coast by the same name.


Mesteño- originally called “raza Leonesa” and later described as “Castellano”, but in more recent times when the only pure specimens that remained were bred by the livestock men of “la Mesta” they took on the name of “Mesteño”. It is thought that many of these types of pacing horses were sent to the Americas and that the term “mustang” is an anglicized version of “Mesteño”.


Mestizo- this is the word that describes the offspring of a Spanish man or woman with a Native American counterpart.

 Modus vivendi- a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes.

Moors- a popular, if somewhat derogatory term that others used to described M

ozarabs as well as natives from the Barbary Coast. None of these people referred to themselves as “moors”. This term may have derived from a Greek-root name for the people from Mauritania.


Morisco bit- this is very similar to the O-ring Chilean bit with the high port and metal curb ring with rollers, but differing in that the Morisco bit uses 3-4 inch “S” shaped shanks.


Mozarabes- a general term used to describe any Muslim from the Iberian Peninsula.


Muladies- these are the sons or daughters of a Muslim father or mother with a Christian spouse.


Muy Bueno de Corrales- this means he is a good corralero horse, in other words, a good performer in Chilean Rodeo.