Ramadas- these are palm branch-covered cubicles with an assortment of eating establishments serving typical cuisine during traditional moments or holidays.


Rayar- this refers to the sport of “lining”. This equestrian game played on the ability of wanting a Chilean Horse to “stop on a dime”. A line was drawn in a designated spot, and horses were asked to approach it at a full run and then stop abruptly by sitting on their haunches (“sentada”). The horse that came closest to stopping on the line was the winner. 


Rejoneo- this refers to “bullfighting on horseback” that was started in Spain, and some think the origin goes back to the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. The horse’s tail is used like the cape, enticing the bull to chase. High-schooled leg movement entices the bull to charge in face-to-face confrontations, and the horse must be agile to dodge these intents to maim. The “rejoneo” requires a very level-headed and daring equine temperament, as well as a very high level of equitation. It is said that one in a hundred Andalusians or Lusitanos are truly suited for the job, in spite of the fact that these breeds are the most highly selected for the sport. In “rejoneos”, the bull is always played with and the "banderillas" are broken off into the withers. In Spain, the bull is killed by penetrating a “rejón” between the shoulder blades. In Portugal, the bull’s life is spared.


Rejoneadores- this term refers to bullfighters on horseback. These were the original bullfighters, and it was a hobby of the elite long before bullfighting on foot became an attraction. Rejoneadores must not only be extremely good horsemen, but they must also be incredibly courageous. Their horses have many years of training, making them priceless individuals.


Rendero- this is a multiple-articulated snaffle bit that can have as many as five unions. In Chile, this is the bit of choice in making the transition from the guatana to the solid mouthpiece. Often, the rendero is referred to as the “metal guatana”.


Rocin- this was a light workhorse with sufficient size to qualify as a horse, but lacking the quality suitable for nobility.


Rodeo- this term refers to roundups that gathered all the livestock in a given area and brought them into a series of receiving, holding, sorting and classifying corrals. This custom was started when livestock oftentimes shared common grazing grounds and laws required yearly branding to prove ownership.


Roto Chileno- the word “roto” means “torn”, but what it implies is an impoverished, worthless individual. This was usually the result of a cross whereby mestizos or criollos had offspring with a higher percentage of Native American genes, which was interpreted as a “descending social status”.